Inequality is one of the key major social challenges of our time, with far-reaching ramifications for human well-being. Our oceans produce vital food, enable jobs and economic activities, and provide opportunities to shape cultures and identities of people.
But at the same time, oceans are facing unprecedented cumulative pressures from human activities and climate change due to industrialization of the seas. Although some researchers have explored ocean equity and inequality, significant gaps remain, such as:
- Interdisciplinary approaches combining ecological and social sciences are fundamental to induce transformative changes towards ocean equity, but lacking.
- There is a clear lack of data for both small scale and commercial fisheries.
- More than 4.3 billion people globally rely on fish as their major source of protein, but social, cultural and institutional factors which explain ocean inequalities remain largely unknown.